Are there different types of dermal fillers?

Facial fillers are gel-like fillers with a stable structure that are injected under the skin. They help remove imperfections, correct aesthetic defects. A special composition of the drug, which is delivered into the deeper layers of the skin, fills wrinkles and deep crevices from within. Fillers hold their shape, do not spread inside, and at the same time they have 100% compatibility with the human body. After a while they are dissolved and removed naturally – through the lymphatic and circulatory systems. Usually, fillers in cosmetology are injected into the folds in the nasolabial triangle, in the corners of the mouth, as well as the lips and cheekbones, to give them volume, the back of the nose to correct the shape.

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What are facial fillers?

Facial fillers are products of gel consistency, which, when injected into the skin layers or under the muscle, can correct the shape of the face and the appearance of natural or early signs of aging. Fillers are widely used in aesthetic medicine as part of anti-aging therapy or the main tool of non-surgical contouring. Most often the main substance in the preparations for contour plastics are natural compounds that are not rejected by the skin and are easily excreted from the body. But they are not the only cosmetologists’ limit. Let us briefly consider each group of products and find out what the fundamental difference between them is.

Hyaluronic acid based fillers

Hyaluronic acid is an important element of human skin and connective tissue. On a par with collagen and elastin fibers, it ensures youthfulness and elasticity of the skin. However, over time, its synthesis decreases by about 1% every year. Hyaluronic acid fillers make up for the loss of natural hyaluronic acid, improve skin texture, correct wrinkles and perfect the facial oval. The main features of the fillers with hyaluronic acid are that they are biocompatible (well accepted by the body), distributed without clumps and irregularities, and break down naturally in the process of biodegradation.


Biosynthetic implants are gels with synthetic and natural components that have a fairly high level of biocompatibility. However, there is a risk of allergy or rejection of the filler, especially in the case of older generations.


Not subject to biodegradation. In other words, only a doctor can remove them. They are essentially polymers – silicones, acrylics, etc. In some cases they are used for medical reasons.


The creation of autologous fillers is a labor-intensive and time-consuming procedure. It is based on human cells: blood plasma or adipose tissue. This ensures complete biocompatibility without side effects, but with all the properties of the filler. Preparations of this type give a lifting effect, correct facial features, while at the same time revitalizing the skin and improving its color. The only disadvantage of autologous fillers is their high cost.

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